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The Electoral System

Legal Basis Consitutional Law of the Republic of Angola
Electoral Act 2004
Electoral Registration Law 2005
Political Parties Law 2005
Electoral Observation Law 2005
Electoral System The candidatures are submitted by political parties either in isolation or in coalition to other political parties. The lists presented may have candidates not belonging to those political parties. The candidatures ought to be subscribed by between five thousands (5000) and five thousand and five hundreds (5500) voters from the national constituency and between five hundred (500) and five hundred and fifty (550) from provincial constituencies.

The candidature for the President of Republic is made by political parties or coalition of parties.
Electoral Period National Assembly: Elections every four years.
President: Elections every five years, restricted to two terms.
Electoral Institutions National Electoral Commission (CNE).
Provincial Commissions, Municipal Offices and Communial Electoral Offices.
Functions of Electoral Institutions Organise and direct presidential and parliamentary elections and other electoral activities; ensure that elections are free, fair and transparent; supervise conduct of voter registration and compile voter registers; rule on electoral challenges; ensure equality for candidates; tabulate and publish the results; approve ballot papers and materials; issue regulations; organise polling stations; ensure security; distribute broadcast times for candidates; financial accounting and observer accreditation.
Independence of Electoral Insitutions CNE members appointed by a variety of political actors (the President, the Ruling Party, Opposition Parties, Ministry of Territorial Administration, National Council of Social Communication) to ensure wide representation.
Demarcation No demarcation process is specified by law since the proportional representation system in uses existing national and provincial bounderies.
Voter Education The CNE is tsaked by law with voter and civic education through use of the media.
Nomination of Candidates National Assembly: Candidates are nominated by political parties by means of a party list with supporting documents demonstrating and affirming eligibility.
Presidential: A single candidate may be nominated by each political party or group of 5,000 - 10,000 citizens. Nominations must be accompanied by supporting documents demonstrating and affirming elegibility.
Funding of Political Parties Public funding may be available by the state and must be disbursed by the CNE to parties and candidates in an equitible manner. Donations to political parties from state owned enterprises and foreign entities are prohibited. Candidates and political parties must give account, after the proclamation of the results, of all income and expenditures. No limits are placed on the amounts candidates or parties may receive or spend.
Election Camplaign Electoral campaigns are restricted to from 31 days before the electio day to midnight of the night before the election day. meetings and demonstrations require 48 hours notice to the Provincial Governor or Area Administrator. Opinion polls are prohibited during the campaign period. Campaigning is prohibited in public, health and religious institutions. The placement of paid advertising in the media is prohibited. A detailed code of conduct regulating political parties, candidates, the CNE, the media, electoral officials, the security forces, voters, observers, party agents, religious and traditional bodies and civil society organisations has been issued.
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