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The Mozambique Electoral Commission (CNE) is established under the Constitution. Since its establishment, membership has varied between seventeen (13) and nineteen (19). The Commissioners are elected by Parliament in terms of political party representation in Parliament. The chairperson of the Commission is elected by the Commissioners appointed in terms of political party representation after nomination by civil society. The Commissioners are appointed for a five-year term.
The Constitution provides that the Commission is an independent and impartial body. Therefore even though the Commissioners are appointed on the basis of political party representation in Parliament, they are required to act impartially. To ensure that the Commission is accountable, it is required to publish all its decisions in the state journal.
The administration of the Commission is managed by the Technical Secretariat for Election Management (STAE), which is a state body. It is headed by a General Director, who is appointed by the President after a public nomination process. The General Director is assisted by two deputies during election period. These are nominated by the political parties that are represented in Parliament. The other staff members of STAE are appointed through a public bid based on professional and technical background. This body is accountable to the Commission.
The functions of the Commission and STAE are:
The Commission is funded by both the government and donors, with the latter providing the bulk of the funds.
The responsibilities of the Technical Secretariat for Electoral Administration:
Election of the President - consist in choosing the President, by universal suffrage, direct, equal, secret, and personal journal. The mandate of the President is five years. The President of the Republic is the elected candidate who obtains more than half of the votes validly cast, not considering blank votes and invalid votes. Candidates for the Presidency of the Republic are presented by political parties or coalitions of parties legally constituted and supported by a minimum number of ten thousand voters, and are duly identified. These may be submitted by groups of voters with a minimum of ten thousand signatures.
Provincial Assemblies elections-consist in the choice of members of the Provincial Assemblies, by universal suffrage, direct, equal, secret, personal and regular Mozambican citizens residing in the respective provinces. The constituency is a member of the Provincial Assembly District. Maputo City does not hold the Election of Members of the Provincial Assembly, by virtue of the jurisdiction of the City of Maputo area that would correspond to the Provincial Assembly, for the City of Maputo Province has status under the Law nr. 5/2007 of 9 February.
Elections - consist in the choice of Representatives of the Assembly by direct universal, direct, equal, secret, and personal journal. The Parliament is composed of two hundred and fifty members representing the whole country, including Mozambicans living abroad. Members on the lists are submitted by political parties or coalitions of political parties, for each constituency (Provinces, Africa and rest of the world).