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The Electoral System

Legal Basis Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania 1977.
Elections Act No 1 1985.
Local Government (Urban Authorities Act) 1982.
Local Government (District Authorities) Act 1982.
Electoral System Parliamentary Elections: Single member plurality, first-past-the-post system of multiparty elections.
Presidential Elections: popular vote, plurality.
Electoral Period Presidential and parliamentary elections every 5 years.
Electoral Institutions National Electoral Commission (NEC).
Director of Elections.
Functions of Electoral Institutions NEC: Responsible for constituency delimitation, voter registration, conduct of elections and publication of results.
Director of Elections: Executive arm of the NEC.
Independence of Electoral Insitutions Members of the NEC are appointed by the President and may be removed for failing to discharge duties or misconduct. The NEC is not obliged to accept instructions from any external body.
Demarcation The demarcation of constituencies is the function of the Independent Electoral Commission (CEI). The National Electoral Commission reviews delimitation every 10 years for the 232 constituencies; a further 75 are allocated by proportional representation for the representation of women.
Voter Registration Continuous registration.
Conducted by officials of the NEC, supervised by Director of Elections.
Voter Education The NEC is tasked by law, since 2004, with voter training and education. Such voter education that took place prior to 2004 was undertaken by NGOs.
Nomination of Candidates Parliamentary: A candidate must be proposed by a political party, pay a deposit and have the nomination endorsed by 25 voters in the constituency.
Presidential Elections: A candidate must be proposed by a political party, pay a deposit and have the nomination endorsed by 200 voters
Funding of Political Parties Public funding for political parties was abolished in 2000
Election Camplaign Political activity of parties subject to code of ethics that is voluntarily adopted. The Campaign meetings are prohibited on election day.
Communication The NEC issues directives with the force of law to state media to provide equal opportunities for parties. Further, the NEC issued a voluntary Media Code of Conduct.
Counting After the close of the poll counting takes place, as soon as is practical, at the polling stations by presiding officer in presence of electoral officials, party agents, candidates and observers.
Announcement of Results Returning officer summates the results submitted by the presiding officer and publishes/announces the final results in a publicly. The retuning officer then submits the results to the NEC who publishes it in the government Gazette. The declaration of presidential results is final and cannot be challenged. No time frame for announcement of results is specified.
Conflict Resolution The Constitution prohibits enquiry by the courts into a presidential election result declared by the NEC. Electoral petitions for parliamentary elections must be made within 14 days of the announcement of results and are heard by the High Court. Resident Magistrates hear cases for local elections if submitted within 30 days of the announcement of results.
Election Monitoring Observers are accredited by the NEC, and are subject to a code of conduct issued by it.
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